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RESERVA ECOLÓGICA CAYAMBE-COCA. III. RESERVA PARQUE NACIONAL YASUNí. VII. el río Cuyabeno y el río Lagarto. en la reserva los ambien-. del PANE: Reservas Ecológicas, Antisana, Cayambe. Coca y Cofán-Bermejo; Parques Nacionales, Suma- co Napo-Galeras, Llanganates y Cotopaxi; y Refugio. Mapa Propuesta de recorte del Parque Nacional Bahuaja-Sonene Cayambe Coca; con organizaciones de conservación nacionales como la Fundación.

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Cayambe Coca National Park is a national park in Ecuador located along the Equator about 38 Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved ^ "Tourist Guide to Cayambe Coca" (PDF) (in Spanish). Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved of Cayambe Coca National Park (CCNP), as well as PARQUE LAGO NATIONAL RECREATION AREA. ARENILLAS Cayambe is its highest mountain and Coca is one Propuesta de manejo para el Parque Nacional Cayambe Coca. PDF | Llanganates National Park (LNP) was created in the Andes of Ecuador with the goal of protecting the biodiverse in Cayambe-Coca National Park. . Mamíferos no voladores del Parque Nacional Sangay, Ecuador.

Paquiestancia fue un lugar de descanso durante el recorrido desde Ayora a Zuleta. Los bosques primarios En los bosque primarios se encuentra una gran variedad de plantas. Se alimenta de los animales muertos, para mantener limpio el paramo. Por ser arboles muy frondosos nos brindan mucha sombra en los cuales podemos construir hamacas y columpios para descansar y distraerse. En esta cascada se encuentra casi siempre agua. Laguna Blanca El nombre de laguna Blanca se debe a sus aguas cristalinas; se origina del Nevado Cayambe y se encuentra a metros del mismo, ocupa una superficie de 2. En esta actividad participan los miembros de la familia, cada uno con responsabilidades compartidas.

Colombia, m. Based on data analyzed by Antelope: de Blainville, Not Antilope Pallas, Hershkovitz, , the subspecies may not be valid. An Mazama Rafinesque, b: Part, not Mazama incorrect subsequent spelling of Pudua mephistophiles de Rafinesque, a.

Food habits of Andean bears in the Oyacachi River Basin, Ecuador

Winton, ; and name combination. Cervus: Bennett, Not Cervus Linnaeus, Part, not Coassus Gray, In some regions of Colombia, the name venado Described as a subgenus, elevated to full genus by Gray, chonta is given to Mazama rufina Hershkovitz Pudua Garrod, Unjustified emendation of Peru: venado conejo, venado enano, sacha-cabra, Pudu Gray, Pudella Thomas, Pudua mephistophiles de Winton, , pl.

English name: Northern Pudu Part, not skulls. An Lehmann described a subspecies, Pudu incorrect subsequent spelling of Pudua mephistophiles de Pudella mephistophiles wetmorei, using specimens from Winton, Name western side of the Cordillera Central , meters combination on new genus. The researcher based his work mainly Pudu Pudella mephistophiles Lydekker, Type locality northern Ecuador P.

Data from Mt.

Antisana, near the snow line, Pichincha, Ecuador. Consequently, no remarkable differences An incorrect subsequent spelling of Pudua mephistophiles in characters exist, including coat coloration that could de Winton, Pudu mephistophiles even smaller than Pudu puda Figure The rhinarium is bulbous, and the hindmost dorsal 1. They are distinguished from other cervids primarily border projects backward along the medial line.

File:Vulkan Cayambe - Wikimedia Commons

The by their size less than 40 cm. Antlers take the form of cuneiform tarsal bones in a single element, a spikes—one main beam without ramifications characteristic also present in the Asian cervids Muntiacus Hershkovitz , which are shedded annually and and Elaphodus Hershkovitz The number of can measure up to 9 cm Hershkovitz Eisenberg indicates the According to Hershkovitz , the origins of the maximum height being at 38cm, while Eisenberg and Pudu in spatial and chronological terms are unknown.

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Redford indicate 35 cm. Head and body length The genera Pudu and Mazama are divergent lines of ranges from 60 to 74 cm, skull length ranges from Regarding weight, Hershkovitz that the genus Pudu was restricted to South America indicates an average of 5. It is believed that the immediate and Redford mention 5 Kg.

File:Vulkan Cayambe Ecuador.jpg

After Andean glaciers receded, the range of temperate forest and its fauna moved towards higher elevations, but remained in the same latitudes. Photo by Patricio Pillajo. Hershkovitz based his morphological descriptions on the analysis of 19 mature individuals of Historical and Current Pudu mephistophiles 9 females and 10 males , sixteen Nowadays, the distribution of northern pudu is of which came from Colombia and three from Ecuador.

The coat is coarse, brittle and grassland fragmentation due to anthropic action. It abundant. General coloration of the body is rufous, ranges from temperate zone forests and paramos from shifting to darker brown or even black on the back, the the Cordillera Central in southern Colombia through face is black including the muzzle, the chin and the the Cordillera Oriental of Ecuador to the eastern Andean external surface of the ears.

Exact range is unknown and distributional gaps gray. The abdomen and ventral side of the legs vary between records are unresolved. The only known natural between tawny and rufous brown; the flanks are olive- gap is the dry forest south of the North Peru Low or green with tonalities between creamy and reddish; and Huancabamba depression Vuilleumier , which the feet are dark brown. Fawns have a thick coat of separates the northern population with the main Peruvian uniform color, unspotted, and lack the marked contrast population Barrio and Tirira The current extent between the head and body Hershkovitz Barrio in litt.

One of such areas, and probably the main reported for the paramos of the departments of Huila, stronghold throughout its distribution is the central and Cauca and Valle del Cauca Lehman ; Hershkovitz northern Eastern Andes of Ecuador J. Barrio in litt , ; Morales - Jimenez et al. Arcos south of Carchi northern limit of Cayambe-Coca et al. There is evidence of its Ecological Reserve Tirira To the north in presence in most of the mountain provinces, especially Colombia, the habitat is more fragmented and no main in the Cordillera Oriental.

The species has been reported or stable population has been detected. There are new records in the former , Barrio, populations, with a collected specimen in the extreme in litt.

Given the habitat type covering the gap, there is northern Andes, in north Cajamarca J. A known forest. The southern population of the species occurs and seemingly stable population in Peru, given the from the south of the department of Amazonas to Junin, periodicity of records in the area, is the one inhabiting based on reports and collected material from Amazonas, the western side of the department of San Martin, Figure 2 - Historical and current distribution of Pudu mephistophiles.

Originally, the genus was established to include a single species, Mystacidesbrasilianus Brauer, , based on characters of the wing venation and male genitalia Mosely Only A.

Yacurí National Park

Holzenthal recognized two species groups, the A. The A. Four species are known from Brazil two in the southeast, two in the northeast , two from Central America, and one from the Lesser Antilles.

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None of these species, except A. Larvae are associated with small and medium-sized Neotropical mountain streams, waterfalls, their splash zones, and even outside the water in moist, semiterrestrial habitats Flint , Holzenthal Larvae and pupae are usually found in large numbers, often in groups, attached to the substrate by anterior silken pedicles or with silken strands attached to rocks to improve larval purchase and mobility on smooth surfaces Holzenthal In order for these functions to be attained with They are basically divided into five groups: Areas spontaneity and harmony, the protected areas have of Protection of Flora and Fauna, National Parks, to fulfill a variety of objectives that guide their manProtected Areas of Natural Resources, Biosphere Reagement, like protection of the environment, conserves and Areas of Urban Recreation.

The activities related to these objectives protection and maintenance of the biodiversity and can affect each other and create conflict. Therefore, the associated natural and cultural resources, man- those in charge of the areas have to exercise effective aged through legal means or other effective means management, aiming to balance the ecological, sohes. Through an important official created by society as a whole, coordinating efforts effort, neotropical biodiversity, in particular that of that guarantee human life and that of other species Latin America, has, for many decades, intended to in conditions of well-being; in other words, the con- be protected through national systems of protected servation of biodiversity as well as maintaining nec- areas, with varying luck and success in each of the essary ecological processes for their conservation.

The natural protected areas have various Within this context, the development of differfunctions hwww. The new models of management of proversity and other natural resources. Multivariate characterization of the entities that make up the patrimony of natural areas of the Ecuadorian State: Phase I management and operation of such areas and of ganizations, interested in the structural, functional, the systems in which they are immersed Hockings and managerial dynamic of the entities of PANE in et al.

Worboys et al. In Latin America and Ecuador this form of characterization and approaching reality and problems of the national systems of the protected areas is relatively recent. Nonetheless, in spite of this grand investigative effort, the documents generated generally concentrate on or work only with protected areas in an individual way, and do not carry out an integrated analysis of the information, in which one can simultaneously observe ecological characteristics, as well as the most relevant management characteristics of the protected area of the PANE, through a methodology that allows observation not only of the situation of the particular protected area, but also what happens with that entity or a particular group of entities within a context made up of a total of the heritage protected areas.

In the present project of investigation, this complete panorama was sought after to observe, through the application of multivariate techniques of analysis of information, which permitted the carrying out of the most complete preliminary characterization of the present state of the protected areas which make up the PANE as an integrated and interactive group of fundamental entities, members of National System of Protected Areas of Ecuador SNAP.

Examine the structural and functional relationships between the different entities which make up the patrimony of natural areas of the Ecuadorian state, in function of the physical, geographical, and ecological characteristics and of the current managerial activities. Distinguish groups of Protected Areas similar in their reality and problems. Compile pertinent information of all the current Protected Areas, including physical, geographical, ecological, and management of the area.

Systematically apply two multivariate analysis techniques the other Cluster Analysis and one being Organizational Analysis to the information of the protected areas of the PANE. Observe, examine, and analyze the tendencies of the protected areas and of the variables studied in the results of the two techniques of the PANE. Materials and Methods In its first phase, the project was developed between April and April in three stages: Stage 1: Compilation of pertinent information of all the current protected areas within the PANE, of their physical, geographic, ecological nature, and management.

For this, the physical and virtual libraries of the Ministry of the Environment MAE were visited, as well as the Ministry of Coordination of Natural and Cultural Heritage, the Eco-Ciencias This integral analysis, which included ecologi- Foundation, and other higher learning centers see cal characteristics, management, and contemporary Bibliography.

In the case of some of the protected problems of the protected areas, entails a broad areas, it was necessary to obtain information over value for the Ecuadorian society in general, and for the phone or personally at the regional offices of the different governmental and non-governmental or- Ministry of the Environment.

Stage 2: The data from the Areas of the PANE were fresh water, which is consumed in different cities of registered and ordered in large matrixes of informa- the country, used in hydroelectric plants and in agrition Appendices 1, 2 and 3 , to which two tech- culture ECOLAP and MAE, Contains an important diversity of species of flora and fauna, geological features, and habitats that are important to science, education, and recreation.

Ecological Reserve: An area of at least 10, hectares, with one or more ecosystems with species of wild flora and fauna that are important or threat3.