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The method is qualitative research with analysis content technique. The procedure of research used Philip Mayring theory. The data was collected through documentations. The data are text in expression and utterance proposition from characters and the source of data are discourse texts in sentences or paragraph. The instrument of research is work table analysis. The validity of data used Krippendorff theory.
Quotes from Di Bawah Lindunga Your rating has been recorded. As a general rule we do not censor any content on the site. Please enter recipient e-mail address es. He advised her to listen to her mother that she will marry the guy her mother has chosen. The name field is required. Meskipun dipisahkan, impian untuk menunaikan ibadah haji di Mekkah mengikat hati mereka.
In these two literary works which has been different from the media presenting different course of story, there have been critical features that cannot be blamed each other. You already recently rated this item. Literary works are the product of art. Reviews User-contributed reviews Add a review and share your thoughts with other readers. Then Saleh handed aa letter from Zainab. This phenomenon happens because the novel lindungah being reduced and being extented.
A Theory of Aesthetic Response. This page was last edited on 13 Novemberat Air mata adalah kepunyaan berserikat, dipunyai oleh hmka melarat yang tinggal di dangau-dangau yang buruk, oleh tukang sabit rumput yang masuk ke padang yang luas dan ke tebing yang curam, dan juga oleh penghuni gedung-gedung yang permai dan istana-istana yang indah.
Preview this item Preview this item. Generally praised for its simple yet eloquent dictionthe novel has been twice adapted into film, first in and then in Di belahan dunia manapun kisah cinta yang terhalang harta dan kasta terjadi.
While the couple is less cohesive as much as 58 pairs of sentences or 6. The findings of intertextuality data in terms of cohesion standards in this study refers to Beuagrande and Dressler's theory which states that cohesion is a syntactic set of languages that have formed a pattern or system in sequence or organized possessed by a text either appearing in a series of words, phrase or sentence that has a cohesiveness or unity of meaning as a medium of communication.
Meanwhile, according to Halliday and Hasan that cohesion is a meaning that appears in the text that makes the text into a medium of communication in conveying the message. From both these theories, the analysis of cohesion can be categorized into three categories i.
Couples are said to be cohesive when they have one or two elements at the same time as grammatical or lexical cohesive. While it is called less cohesive because the cohesion marker appears implicitly, in other words, that the cohesion marker is unclear as to which reference to the word.
The cohesive category is In the cohesive category, new patterns are found that pair of sentences has two components of cohesion marker at once are grammatical and lexical. This percentage proves a high level of new pattern finding.
Less Cohesive Category Pair of sentences with less cohesive category than the whole sentence data is quite low. It can be concluded that in the novel Di Bawah Lindungan Ka'bah only a few pairs of sentences are less precise in referring to the cohesion marker.
Because the cohesion marker is not clearly defined or appears implicitly. Not Cohesive Category The non-cohesive category has the smallest percentage of 4.
Because of cohesion markers between pairs of sentences or, there are cohesion markers but no reference to the cohesion marker. It can be concluded that the author of the novel "Di Bawah Lindungan Ka'bah" has a high knowledge of the elements that must build a discourse. The author considers the existence of cohesion as one of the requirements of the textual standard of a text as expressed by Beaugrande and Dressler.
The author should be able to minimize the number of pairs of sentences that are less cohesive or not cohesive, although the number is not too large or included in the low category. The author also has given a new breakthrough that is the new pattern of the pair of sentences that have a combination of cohesion marker.
So it is easier for the reader to get the message contained in the story. Thus, this novel has a higher level of textuality standard of cohesion. The novel is presented with the complete and dominating elements of cohesion from every relationship in the sentence. In addition, to clarify the relationship in the novel sentence is also presented a pair of sentences that have two elements of cohesion marker. This aims to make the story written by the author clearly. The results of intertextuality analysis in terms of cohesion standards have implications.
The first implication is for the authors or reader. Everyone when composing a story should consider knowledge of textuality standards. Because of the discourse that has elements of textuality as expressed by Beaugrande and Dressler.
The novel becomes the right media in studying the structure of discourse. It is able to change human knowledge through critical discourse analysis. Fuadi Researchers found as many as pairs of sentences analyzed in terms of standard standards. Analysis of the form of intertextuality in terms of cohesion in the novel Negeri 5 Menara has in a common way with the analysis of the form of intertextuality in the novel Di Bawah Lindungan Ka'bah.
The theory used is Beugrande and Dressler's theory which states that cohesion is a syntactic sequence of language that has formed a pattern or system in sequence or organized that belongs to a text either appear in a series of words, phrases or sentences that have cohesion or unity of meaning as a medium communication.
The purpose of the emergence of cohesion in a discourse is to know the concept of semantic or meaning that exists in text or sentence. Thus, the interpretation of a text will have a dependent relationship with other texts.
Because each text will be meaningful when it has meaning relation with other text. The data found in the literary discourse of novel Negeri 5 Menara is divided into three cohesion markers: From the overall discourse in the novel that is as much as 43 chapters, researchers used 21 chapters that are considered to represent the entire data in the novel to conclude the cohesion relationships that are owned in the discourse.
Cohesive Category From the findings of data analysis work presented that the overall pair of sentences in text discourse novel Negeri 5 Menara has a high cohesive category level that is as many as pairs of sentences from the total number of couples as much as These percentages fall into fairly high categories, through the emergence of grammatical cohesion markers or lexical cohesion.
From the analysis of work tables also found pairs of sentences that have two cohesion markers are grammatical and lexical cohesion. This finding is a new pattern. A pair of sentences is said to be cohesive if it has one of the cohesion markers. However, if there are two cohesion markers referred to new findings. From the data of cohesive pairs of sentences is found pairs of sentences that have a new pattern that is as many as pairs or by This percentage figure is also included as a fairly high number.
Thus it can be concluded that the cohesive categories are found as many as sentence pairs or While the least have a new pattern is chapter 43 in Trafalgar Square as much as 2 pairs of sentences or 0. The author has placed the correct cohesion marker on each pair of sentences. This affects the reader's understanding of the meaning to be conveyed.
Although there are fewer or less cohesive sentence pairs, the reader is still able to understand what the author means.
It also affects the building structure of a discourse that meets textuality standards. Less Cohesive Category In the less cohesive category found data of 76 pairs of a sentence or 3. The value of the numbers is quite low in the study of the discourse that has a couple of sentences that many. In other words, it is concluded that in the novel of Negeri 5 Menara few pairs of sentences are incorrect in referring to the cohesion marker.
On the ground that the couple is less cohesive has a cohesive meaning, but this cohesive relationship comes with another sentence that is not a sentence either just before or after it. So this does not affect the reading of discourse in novels that are too difficult or confusing. Not Cohesive Category Not cohesive categories have a greater percentage of the less cohesive categories of 4. This is evidenced in the work analysis table through the absence of cohesion markers between pairs of sentences or there are cohesion markers but no reference to the cohesion marker.
It is concluded that the author of Negeri 5 Menara has a high knowledge of the elements that must build a discourse. The author considers the knowledge of cohesion standards as one of the conditions in building the structure of the whole discourse.
As Beuagrande and Dressler say that a complete discourse will be built by textual standards, one of which is cohesion.
The author also has given a new breakthrough through the pair of new sentences that pair of sentences that have a combination of cohesion marker both of grammatical and lexical. It aims to clarify to be clear what is meant by the author. So, the meaning to be conveyed can be easily understood by the reader.
Each pair of sentences has not only one element of grammatical or lexical cohesion. However, there are pairs of sentences that have more than two grammatical or lexical cohesion markers. So, it can build a whole mindset for the reader in understanding the content of the discourse. From the results of this analysis, it implies discourse learning, that everyone when going to compose a story should consider the knowledge about textuality standard of discourse.
For the novel, Di Bawah Lindungan Ka'bah found as many as While in the novel Negeri 5 Menara has a new finding pattern as much as Analysis of intertextuality between novel literary discourse Di Bawah Lindungan Ka'bah and Negeri 5 Menara aims to determine the relationship of meaning possessed by each pair of sentences between the two novels.
It is studied through intrinsic and extrinsic elements. There are 3 parts of intertextuality relationship examined in terms of theme, place background and situation background and extrinsic element. In the intertextuality of the theme between the novel literary discourse Di Bawah Lindungan Ka'bah and Negeri 5 Menara is found that these novels have similar themes.
There are two major topics found in the grief of the novel character in continuing education between the wishes of self and parents. It also appears the grief or sadness of the novel character in a love relationship. It is known that the themes appear in paragraphs equipped with grammatical or lexical cohesion markers. The grammatical cohesion marker emerging is personal references, demonstrative references, conjunctions, and substitutions. Both paragraphs in this novel have all four of this grammatical cohesion.
As for the lexical cohesion of the novel, Di Bawah Lindungan Ka'bah is the antonym and hyponym. Thus it is concluded that the paragraphs in both of these novels have 2 cohesion markers.
The first theme is one's inner suffering can be interpreted as a symbol of one's unhappiness in running a love relationship between fellow human beings. While the struggle of the leaders in religious education symbolizes a process that must be passed by everyone to reach his ideals either through religious education or other sciences. From the data found to have implications on the social background that is in the novel that is dominated also by the sadness because of social conditions experienced by the family of novel characters.
In addition, the atmosphere of this novel also struggles how a mother preparing religious education for her child as a form of concern for the life of the world or the hereafter.