PDF | A research project on the Indonesian ulama gave me the opportunity to visit latter read only buku putih, 'white' books in romanized Indonesian. Not only have most 'traditionalist' kyai, on the other hand, .. the classical Arabic books named kitab kuning in the NU pesantren (Bruinessen, ). e-ISBN 90 6 (pdf) e-ISBN 90 3 .. work of leading kiais or pesantren leaders The establishment of NU was a significant butes of their fathers, the kyai aim to legitimize their sons as their rightful ataupun buku putih) selain kita mesti melihat metode yang dipakai dalam menggarap kar-. The authors of buku putih usually rejected the greater part of the scholastic tradition Not only have most 'traditionalist' kyai, on the other hand, become more catholic .. He was the highly respected teacher of several of NU's founding ulama.
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I do believe Anna godbersen splendor got what she deserved. One threat unique to Indonesia is not of strategic global scope, but on the national level, namely terrorism6. Research on terrorism itself has a lot to do.
Pesantren is one of the sources of terrorism. A very close relationship between the clerics and religious scholars made public as a place to complain a variety of life issues they face, either about work, education, marriages, illnesses, and so on. In narrower spectrum, as well as in schools, the authority of clerics greatly to his students because cleric regarded as a teacher, leader and sole ruler. School, in addition to functioning as a place of education of the people.
However, Pesantren not only education to master the tools required to worship God, but also has a wider social function. Pesantren is also a cultural transformation in total container.
The story of the scholars who "tripe" establish schools deliberately in areas of "black" in remote areas are clear evidence of a tendency to use education in schools as a means of cultural 6 Nano , p.
The strategy should be an integral part of at least four 4 elements, which attempts to capture and destroy terrorists and their networks offense , efforts to protect the country and its people from terrorist attacks defense , attempts to explain or convey the roots problems or the root cause of terrorism and reducing the number of personnel who want to attack the country, and the response and recovery capacity to cope problems relating to the incident facing the country.
At the next set up a boarding school, Abubakar Ba'asyir and Abdullah Sungkar also vigorously preach Manullang, , p. Based on the analysis above, the optimization effort in terms of efforts to realize a harmonious and peaceful society can be done in several ways. Kiai role in resolving the conflict is not confined to carok and conflicts that smelled religion alone. According Pesantren Bustanul Huffadz, Kiai Ainur Rofiq Mansur, during a theft of cattle and other cases also ordinary citizens complained to kiai.
In the case of theft of cattle, the family will usually determine the identity of the thief were to be students. With that we willingly share their knowledge without having exaggerated to find the name and eager to quickly become large. Sincere intention and clarity of purpose and our purpose merely because of God, "said Kiai Haji Wahid Hasyim Huda, , p. Pesantren is also widely credited for the country, especially in maintaining the integrity of the Republic.
Since the beginning of this country are born dai boarding escorting from time to time, especially at critical moments. Leaders pesantren involved in the fight for independence and formulate the ideology of Pancasila and the Constitution, as well as maintaining a commitment to the Homeland to date.
The kiai believes that the Homeland with the ideology of Pancasila is final. National commitment and their love of Indonesia reinforced by religious doctrine that requires them to love the homeland. Jargon religion says that love of the homeland is part of faith, "Hubb al-watan min al-Iman" Octavia, , xiii. Islam in the archipelago Nusantaradisseminated through the educational institutions called Zawiyah schools. Kingdoms that stand in Aceh until Bantam, mostly born from boarding.
If there are no schools, of course there will not be a peaceful Muslim, and perhaps not even this archipelago country was born. So when independence was achieved, a pioneer in the basic level is the kiai.
Indeed, there are a number of intellectuals who lived in Jakarta as Bung Karno and Bung Hatta, but without support at the grassroots level, spearheaded by the kiai, freedom can never be taken Octavia, , xiii. After independence, there was a group of people who want that seven words of the Jakarta Charter is a opening is removed. The phrase "the obligation to execute the Shari'ah for adherents" was changed to "Almighty God".
This is the continuously become a point of conflict. Who gave the 'final word' that seven said it removed?
According to research by historians to date, he is K. Hasyim Ashari Octavia, , xiii. Muslims, particularly boarding schools had to be called upon not only to secure the Homeland from the invasion and outside interference, but also moving it forward.
Pesantren leaders realize that in the Qur'an, the term Islamic state that does not exist, there is only "Dar al-Salam" which is a country that is peaceful Octavia, , xv-xvi The most prominent hallmark that distinguishes boarding school with other educational institutions are educational system twenty-four hours, with the condition of the students in one location of the hostel is divided into cubicles or rooms, making it easier to apply the total education system.
Indirectly, schools also teach the students to respect differences in ethnicity, race, language, and creating relationships is termed by Gus Dur as "cosmopolitanism boarding". The students who studied at the school come from various parts of the country with ethnic backgrounds and different languages.
Intercourse cross-ethnic, language, and region to make the students aware of the diversity that must be respected and to live out our nation's motto, "Unity in Diversity" Octavia, , xi. Each school's basically autonomy in the education system, it is less likely to generalize patterns pesantren in Indonesia Octavia, , xii. Pesantren and people in it have values that are maintained and can not be separated from the subject of reproductive cadres educated nations that have contributed to the religion, state, and nation Octavia, , p.
Wahid Hasyim once said construction of the center is an ideal educational boarding school that can lay the foundation to build ethics for all students, so that the knowledge gained in the schools will be used as a preparation towards a better life.
Any students who will be plunged into the community should be teachers who lead.
Before becoming a teacher, students must have a strong foundation in ethical conduct and that would become an example and role model Huda, , p. Kiyais follow the way of propaganda wali Songo with the model and set good examples or uswah hasanah. So, uswah hasanah was not only present in the Prophet, but also on themselves as scholars and clerics who are heirs of the prophets and agents of al-Akhlaq al-karimah.
Feature Prophet educational success is that he never told anyone else to do good, before he did and give an example first. Educational success boarding scholars in ancient times also because they provide exemplary, and never said anything that was not of their doing. Exemplary character education without going begs the question, "How are bent rod can cast a shadow that straight?
Conclusion In fact, a massive increase of peace education at all levels has brought to the forefront the question of the objectives and the orientation of this mass education. This problem, far from being abstract or technical, is clearly political. It demands that the needs and the aspirations of the different social classes represented in the teaching system be taken into account. It challenges different models of society. Above all, it presupposes a confrotation, if not conflict, between the principal actors concerned, the State, the teachers, the students, the parents, the employers.
In other words, the problem remains unsolved, and it is urgently necessary to seek solutions together Mayne, , p. Nothing would be more dangerous than research controlled directly by governments and used to justify the political decision taken by those in power.
The threat is real. Various European technocracies claim to know what technical solutions are needed in the field of education. In all countries, they are seeking to adapt educational system to the needs of the economy, and to train social elites whose task it will be to take over from the rulling classes at present in power.
Just as there is a pedagogic illusion, so there is a technocratic illusion, which would shelve the political aspects of the educational problem in order to concentrate on objective or scientific facts. Educational research needs to be increased, but if it is to escape from technocratic control, it must be organized within the framework of higher education.
Within the universities, it would moreover help to give meaning to international cooperation in education, which at present is neglected, although much debated. Should educational cooperation lead to the unification of existing systems, or to the acceptance and deepening of their diversity? Quite apart from the various meanings given to the concept and the various ideologies underlying them sometimes for example it is seen as a way of ending class conflict , it is clear that establishing permanent education presupposes radical changes in the existing educational system ibid.
The author agrees with Mayne , p. What should be the basic objectives of education in an advanced industrial society?
The answer to this fundamental question can only be political, for in the last analysis to transform the educational system is to seek to transform society. Conservatives in all parties are under no illusion about this and if so far their efforts to slow down or to prevent the necessary changes have proved effective, there is no indication that in the future the balance of political power will be on their side.
At all events, it must be hoped that the political issues involved in education will lead to still deeper debates among all concerned. Bibliography Barton, Greg. Boellstorff, Tom. Buku Putih Pertahanan Indonesia. Jakarta: Departemen Pertahanan Republik Indonesia. Buku Doktrin Pertahanan Indonesia.
Candland, Christopher. Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers. Cobban, Alfred. A History of Modern France. Great Britain: Penguin Books Ltd.
Formichi, Chiara. Hellwig, Tineke. Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal, Land —en Volkenkunde. Keating, Michael. The Politics of Modern Europe.
Kersten, Ph. D, Carool. London: Kings College. Kull, Ann. Laffan, Michael. Sentul: Universitas Pertahanan Indonesia. Mangunjaya, Dr.